The integrated cycle of mould and tool steel production usually starts with selected scrap.

The first stage of processing takes place in an electric arc furnace, followed by refining and vacuum degassing

in a ladle furnace.

This process can result in the production of polygonal ingots for the forging plant, or of round ingots to be

recast, for example, under electro-conductive slag to make new forging ingots.

This last operation, performed under specific conditions, gives the product almost identical mechanical properties

 in all directions (longitudinal, tangential, radial) and assures constant quality.